The structural capacity includes not only the physical structure of public health agency and the human resources to operate it, but also the legal infrastructure – the laws and policies that empower, obligate and limit both public and private sector’s action concerning health. This PPHA Act will require careful construction since it will outline the legal basis for PPHA to operate. It will further define the authority it requires to interact effectively with all relevant government departments, engage with the private sector, parastatal organisations and NGOs. To enable the agency to function effectively it is important that it is given sufficient powers/levers that compel organisations to comply with its binding advice.
Core Public Health Functions
The nine functions of the Punjab Public Health Agency will enable a complete cycle of knowledge management i.e. knowledge capture, knowledge synthesis, knowledge sharing, knowledge assessment and knowledge utilization.
Management is an important aspect of any public health conceptual framework as it aims to create insights along with new information.
- Knowledge Generation refers to the formulation of information through research and innovation and through the merging of information, knowledge and experiences
- Knowledge Capture refers to the selection, collection and storage of knowledge in systems and tools designed for specific purposes.
- Knowledge Synthesis refers to the synthesis of knowledge from various resources into generalized frameworks such as evidence-based guidance or programmatic approaches
- Knowledge Sharing entails the transfer of knowledge within people and groups of people with common interests. There are a variety of mediums for knowledge sharing which include online resources such as social media website, as well as, print and publications.
- Knowledge Assessment an effective knowledge management system entails identifying assets and needs for explicit knowledge. Identifying knowledge assets and assessing knowledge needs are complementary processes. Assessing knowledge assets identifies what we know and what existing resources an organization already has in place to meet needs for knowledge and information.